Struct core::mem::manually_drop::ManuallyDrop

1.20.0 · source ·
#[repr(transparent)]
pub struct ManuallyDrop<T: ?Sized> { value: T, }
Expand description

A wrapper to inhibit compiler from automatically calling T’s destructor. This wrapper is 0-cost.

ManuallyDrop<T> is guaranteed to have the same layout as T, and is subject to the same layout optimizations as T. As a consequence, it has no effect on the assumptions that the compiler makes about its contents. For example, initializing a ManuallyDrop<&mut T> with mem::zeroed is undefined behavior. If you need to handle uninitialized data, use MaybeUninit<T> instead.

Note that accessing the value inside a ManuallyDrop<T> is safe. This means that a ManuallyDrop<T> whose content has been dropped must not be exposed through a public safe API. Correspondingly, ManuallyDrop::drop is unsafe.

ManuallyDrop and drop order.

Rust has a well-defined drop order of values. To make sure that fields or locals are dropped in a specific order, reorder the declarations such that the implicit drop order is the correct one.

It is possible to use ManuallyDrop to control the drop order, but this requires unsafe code and is hard to do correctly in the presence of unwinding.

For example, if you want to make sure that a specific field is dropped after the others, make it the last field of a struct:

struct Context;

struct Widget {
    children: Vec<Widget>,
    // `context` will be dropped after `children`.
    // Rust guarantees that fields are dropped in the order of declaration.
    context: Context,
}
Run

Fields§

§value: T

Implementations§

Wrap a value to be manually dropped.

Examples
use std::mem::ManuallyDrop;
let mut x = ManuallyDrop::new(String::from("Hello World!"));
x.truncate(5); // You can still safely operate on the value
assert_eq!(*x, "Hello");
// But `Drop` will not be run here
Run

Extracts the value from the ManuallyDrop container.

This allows the value to be dropped again.

Examples
use std::mem::ManuallyDrop;
let x = ManuallyDrop::new(Box::new(()));
let _: Box<()> = ManuallyDrop::into_inner(x); // This drops the `Box`.
Run

Takes the value from the ManuallyDrop<T> container out.

This method is primarily intended for moving out values in drop. Instead of using ManuallyDrop::drop to manually drop the value, you can use this method to take the value and use it however desired.

Whenever possible, it is preferable to use into_inner instead, which prevents duplicating the content of the ManuallyDrop<T>.

Safety

This function semantically moves out the contained value without preventing further usage, leaving the state of this container unchanged. It is your responsibility to ensure that this ManuallyDrop is not used again.

Manually drops the contained value. This is exactly equivalent to calling ptr::drop_in_place with a pointer to the contained value. As such, unless the contained value is a packed struct, the destructor will be called in-place without moving the value, and thus can be used to safely drop pinned data.

If you have ownership of the value, you can use ManuallyDrop::into_inner instead.

Safety

This function runs the destructor of the contained value. Other than changes made by the destructor itself, the memory is left unchanged, and so as far as the compiler is concerned still holds a bit-pattern which is valid for the type T.

However, this “zombie” value should not be exposed to safe code, and this function should not be called more than once. To use a value after it’s been dropped, or drop a value multiple times, can cause Undefined Behavior (depending on what drop does). This is normally prevented by the type system, but users of ManuallyDrop must uphold those guarantees without assistance from the compiler.

Trait Implementations§

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
Returns the “default value” for a type. Read more
The resulting type after dereferencing.
Dereferences the value.
Mutably dereferences the value.
Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more
This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason. Read more
This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations§

Blanket Implementations§

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (sized_type_properties)
true if this type requires no storage. false if its size is greater than zero. Read more
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (spec_option_partial_eq)
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.