Primitive Type unit

1.0.0 ·
Expand description

The () type, also called “unit”.

The () type has exactly one value (), and is used when there is no other meaningful value that could be returned. () is most commonly seen implicitly: functions without a -> ... implicitly have return type (), that is, these are equivalent:

fn long() -> () {}

fn short() {}
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The semicolon ; can be used to discard the result of an expression at the end of a block, making the expression (and thus the block) evaluate to (). For example,

fn returns_i64() -> i64 {
    1i64
}
fn returns_unit() {
    1i64;
}

let is_i64 = {
    returns_i64()
};
let is_unit = {
    returns_i64();
};
Run

Implementations§

Trait Implementations§

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Returns the default value of ()

Extends a collection with the contents of an iterator. Read more
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (extend_one #72631)
Extends a collection with exactly one element.
🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (extend_one #72631)
Reserves capacity in a collection for the given number of additional elements. Read more

Collapses all unit items from an iterator into one.

This is more useful when combined with higher-level abstractions, like collecting to a Result<(), E> where you only care about errors:

use std::io::*;
let data = vec![1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
let res: Result<()> = data.iter()
    .map(|x| writeln!(stdout(), "{x}"))
    .collect();
assert!(res.is_ok());
Run
Creates a value from an iterator. Read more
Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more
This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason. Read more
This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
Is called to get the representation of the value as status code. This status code is returned to the operating system. Read more

Auto Trait Implementations§

Blanket Implementations§

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.